Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) and performance of everyday life tasks: Actual Reality

Yael Goverover, Nancy Chiaravalloti, John Deluca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Recently, a brief cognitive assessment (Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis: BICAMS) has been recommended for use with patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) to screen for cognitive impairments. However, the relationship between the BICAMS and everyday life activity has not been examined. The aim of this study was to examine whether the BICAMS can predict performance of activities of daily living using Actual RealityTM (AR) in persons with MS. Method: A between-subjects design was utilized to compare 41 individuals with MS and 32 healthy controls (HC) performing BICAMS and an AR task. Participants were asked to access the internet to purchase a flight ticket or cookies, and were administered the BICAMS and questionnaires to assess quality of life (QOL), affect symptomatology, and prior internet experience. Results: Participants with MS performed significantly worse than HC on the BICAMS and the AR. Additionally, better BICAMS performance was associated with more independent AR performance. Self-reports of QOL were not correlated with AR or BICAMS performance. Conclusions: Individuals with MS have greater problems with actual everyday life tasks as compared to HC. The BICAMS is a promising cognitive screening tool to predict actual functional performance in participants with MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)544-550
Number of pages7
JournalMultiple Sclerosis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016



  • activities of daily living
  • Cognition
  • multiple sclerosis
  • outcome measurement
  • quality of life
  • cognitive assessmet
  • daily performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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