Brownian half-plane excursion and critical Liouville quantum gravity

Juhan Aru, Nina Holden, Ellen Powell, Xin Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In a groundbreaking work, Duplantier, Miller and Sheffield showed that subcritical Liouville quantum gravity (LQG) coupled with Schramm–Loewner evolutions (SLE) can be obtained by gluing together a pair of Brownian motions. In this paper, we study the counterpart of their result in the critical case via a limiting argument. In particular, we prove that as one sends (Formula presented.) in the subcritical setting, the space-filling SLE (Formula presented.) in a disk degenerates to the CLE (Formula presented.) (where CLE is conformal loop ensembles) exploration introduced by Werner and Wu, along with a collection of independent and identically distributed coin tosses indexed by the branch points of the exploration. Furthermore, in the same limit, we observe that although the pair of initial Brownian motions collapses to a single one, one can still extract two different independent Brownian motions (Formula presented.) from this pair, such that the Brownian motion (Formula presented.) encodes the LQG distance from the CLE loops to the boundary of the disk and the Brownian motion (Formula presented.) encodes the boundary lengths of the CLE (Formula presented.) loops. In contrast to the subcritical setting, the pair (Formula presented.) does not determine the CLE-decorated LQG surface. Our paper also contains a discussion of relationships to random planar maps, the conformally invariant CLE (Formula presented.) metric and growth fragmentations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-509
Number of pages69
JournalJournal of the London Mathematical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics


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