Bulls-Eye: Active Few-Shot Learning Guided Logic Synthesis

Animesh Basak Chowdhury, Benjamin Tan, Ryan Carey, Tushit Jain, Ramesh Karri, Siddharth Garg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Generating suboptimal synthesis transformation sequences ('synthesis recipe') is an important problem in logic synthesis. Manually crafted synthesis recipes have poor quality. State-of-the art machine learning (ML) works to generate synthesis recipes do not scale to large netlists as the models need to be trained from scratch, for which training data is collected using time-consuming synthesis runs. We propose a new approach, Bulls-Eye, that fine-tunes a pretrained model on past synthesis data to accurately predict the quality of a synthesis recipe for an unseen netlist. Our approach achieves 2 × - 30 × runtime improvement and generates synthesis recipes achieving close to 95% quality-of-result (QoR) compared to conventional techniques using actual synthesis runs. We show our QoR beat state-of-the-art approaches on various benchmarks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2580-2590
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023


  • Deep learning
  • graph neural networks
  • logic synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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