We analyzed pooled data from two comparable randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials of bupropion pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation for which data on DRD2 Taq1A genotype were available. A total of 722 smokers across the two trials were randomized to 10 weeks of sustained-release bupropion hydrochloride or placebo. General estimating equation analysis demonstrated a significant gene × drug interaction (B = 0.87, SE = 0;0.34, p = .009). Smokers with the A2/A2 genotype using bupropion were more than three times as likely, relative to placebo, to be abstinent at end of treatment (35.2% vs. 15.1%; OR = 3.25, 95% CI 2.00-5.28) and at 6 months of follow-up (26.7% vs. 12.2%; OR = 2.81, 95% CI 1.66-4.77), which was attenuated by 12 months (16.3% vs. 10.7%; OR = 1.70, 95% CI 0.95-3.05). We found no significant benefit of bupropion relative to placebo on smoking cessation outcomes at any time point in participants with A1/A1 or A1/A2 genotypes. These data suggest that bupropion may be effective for smoking cessation only in a subgroup of smokers with the DRD2 Taq1 A2/A2 genotype.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health