C-Terminal capping motifs in model helical peptides

Neville R. Kallenbach, Youxiang Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Solution structures of a series of consensus sequence peptides with N- and C-terminal capping interactions have been determined by 2-D nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and a simulated annealing strategy. All peptides are found to be stabilized by a hydrophobic interaction and a capping box structure (SXXE) at the N-terminus whereas several different capping motifs are discerned near the peptide C-terminus. Among these, the asparagine side chain-backbone main chain (i, i-4) capping structure is most stabilizing and highly populated in the simulated annealing calculation. A glycine α(l) capping motif stabilizes the peptide terminus, which otherwise tends to fray, but this is occupied only a fraction of the time in the trial structures determined. Our experimental search over several models for a second type of C-terminal capping structure, the so-called 'Schellman motif', which is seen in native proteins, is unsuccessful, indicating this structural element contributes less to oligopeptide stability in solution and most probably populates only transiently. Copyright (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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