Extensive variational calculations on the S2 ground state of the lithium atom are reported. With use of a 352-term Hylleraas-type expansion, the nonrelativistic ground-state energy of S2 Li i is determined to be -7.478 058 a.u., which lies approximately 3 cm-1 above empirical estimates of the nonrelativistic ground-state energy. This variational upper bound to the ground-state energy is the lowest to our knowledge reported to date in the literature. A number of expectation values, including the individual energy terms, the Fermi-contact interaction, the electron density at the nucleus, and the moments rin, n=13, and rijn, n=1,2, are also evaluated. The general rates of convergence of the calculation are discussed. The role played by the two doublet spin eigenfunctions is examined, and the importance of including both of these functions for the accurate calculation of the Fermi-contact interaction is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics