Cannibalization and rebirth in the NGC 5387 system. I. the stellar stream and star-forming region

Rachael L. Beaton, David Martínez-Delgado, Steven R. Majewski, Elena D'Onghia, Stefano Zibetti, R. Jay Gabany, Kelsey E. Johnson, Michael Blanton, Anne Verbiscer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We have identified a low surface brightness stellar stream from visual inspection of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) imaging for the edge-on, spiral galaxy NGC 5387. An optically blue overdensity coincident with the stream intersection with the NGC 5387 disk was also identified in SDSS and in the Galaxy Evolution Explorer Deep Imaging Survey contributing 38% of the total far-UV integrated flux from NGC 5387. Deeper optical imaging was acquired with the Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope that confirmed the presence of both features. The stellar stream is red in color, (B-V) = 0.7, has a stellar mass of 6 × 108 M, which implies a 1:50 merger ratio, has a circular radius, R circ ∼ 11.7 kpc, formed in ∼240 Myr, and the progenitor had a total mass of ∼4 × 1010 M . Spectroscopy from LBT+MODS1 was used to determine that the blue overdensity is at the same redshift as NGC 5387, consists of young stellar populations (∼10 Myr), is metal-poor (12 + log (O/H) = 8.03), and is forming stars at an enhanced rate (∼1-3 M yr-1). The most likely interpretations are that the blue overdensity is (1) a region of enhanced star formation in the outer disk of NGC 5387 induced by the minor accretion event or (2) the progenitor of the stellar stream experiencing enhanced star formation. Additional exploration of these scenarios is presented in a companion paper.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number117
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume790
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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    Beaton, R. L., Martínez-Delgado, D., Majewski, S. R., D'Onghia, E., Zibetti, S., Gabany, R. J., Johnson, K. E., Blanton, M., & Verbiscer, A. (2014). Cannibalization and rebirth in the NGC 5387 system. I. the stellar stream and star-forming region. Astrophysical Journal, 790(2), [117]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/790/2/117