Capacitor-Less Dual-Mode All-Digital LDO with ΔΣ-Modulation-Based Ripple Reduction

Muhammad Abrar Akram, Wook Hong, Sohmyung Ha, In Chul Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This brief presents a capacitor-less digital low-dropout (DLDO) regulator, which has low steady-state voltage ripples ( V{RIPP} ) and low output noise, suitable for driving analog circuits in system-on-chip devices. To reduce V{RIPP} , a steady-state control based on Delta Sigma modulation and a clock multiplication technique are proposed. Thanks to the Delta Sigma operation, the proposed DLDO generates noise-shaped output voltage ( V{OUT} ), reducing V{RIPP} and improving its noise performance without using an output capacitor. The Delta Sigma -modulator-based controller is activated just during the steady state, triggered by a lock detector, which continuously tracks V{OUT} and compares it to a reference V{REF}. During the steady state, a cyclic time-to-pulse converter and a clock combiner generate an oversampling clock for the controller. The proposed DLDO was fabricated in a 110-nm CMOS process with an active area of 0.07 mm{2}. The measurement results demonstrate that at V{OUT} = 0.5 V, V{DD} = 0.6 V, and I{LOAD} = 500,,mu text{A} , the proposed DLDO achieves <1 mV of V{RIPP} , 17.5 dB of power supply rejection (PSR) at 1 MHz, and-151,,text{V}{2}rms/ Hz (dB) of power-spectral density at 51.2 kHz. Furthermore, the proposed DLDO achieves 99.77% of current efficiency and 0.25 mV/mA of load regulation while driving the maximum I{LOAD} of 40 mA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9375480
Pages (from-to)1620-1624
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021


  • Digital low-dropout regulator (LDO)
  • capacitor-less
  • power-supply rejection (PSR)
  • steady-state voltage ripples
  • supply noise sensitivity
  • ΔΣ modulator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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