Capturing vote-seeking incentives and the cultivation of a personal and party vote

Brian F. Crisp, Benjamin Schneider, Amy Catalinac, Taishi Muraoka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Electoral rules establish incentives that encourage candidates to strike a particular balance between cultivating their own personal reputations and cultivating shared party reputations. Higher levels of intraparty competition stress the need for an individual reputation and minimize the usefulness of a shared, party reputation. We develop a new indicator of intraparty competition that addresses shortcomings pointed out in previously used indicators. We also identify new, particularly intuitive indicators of ”personal” and ”party” vote seeking. Using within-system and across-system variation in parliamentary elections in Japan, we find that candidate manifestos contain more frequent uses of first-person pronouns and candidate names and fewer references to political parties when intraparty competition is stiffest.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number102369
    JournalElectoral Studies
    StatePublished - Aug 2021


    • Candidate manifestos
    • Japan
    • Measuring intraparty competition
    • Party vote seeking incentives
    • Personal vote seeking incentives
    • SMDP
    • SNTV

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Political Science and International Relations


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