Cardiac outcomes after myocardial infarction in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus

Deborah Chyun, Viola Vaccarino, Jaime Murillo, Lawrence H. Young, Harlan M. Krumholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

• OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between (1) comorbid conditions related to diabetes mellitus, clinical findings on arrival at the hospital, and characteristics of the myocardial infarction and (2) risk of heart failure, recurrent myocardial infarction, and mortality in the year after myocardial infarction in elderly 30-day survivors of myocardial infarction who had non-insulin-or insulin-treated diabetes. • METHODS: Medical records for June 1, 1992, through February 28, 1993, of Medicare beneficiaries (n = 1698), 65 years or older, hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction in Connecticut were reviewed by trained abstractors. • RESULTS: One year after myocardial infarction, elderly patients with non-insulin- and insulin-treated diabetes mellitus had significantly greater risk for readmission for heart failure and recurrent myocardial infarction than did patients without diabetes mellitus, and risk was greater in patients treated with insulin than in patients not treated with insulin. Diabetes mellitus, comorbid conditions related to diabetes mellitus, clinical findings on arrival, and characteristics of the myocardial infarction, specifically measures of ventricular function, were important predictors of these outcomes. Mortality was greater in patients not treated with insulin than in patients treated with insulin; the increased risk was mostly due to comorbid conditions related to diabetes mellitus and poorer ventricular function. • CONCLUSIONS: Risk of heart failure, recurrent myocardial infarction, and mortality is elevated in elderly patients who have non-insulin-or insulin-treated diabetes mellitus. Comorbid conditions related to diabetes mellitus and ventricular function at the time of the index myocardial infarction are important contributors to poorer outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-519
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of Critical Care
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care

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