Cardiovascular disease prevention in Ghana: Feasibility of a faith-based organizational approach

Patricia Karen A. Abanilla, Keng Yen Huang, Daniel Shinners, Andrea Levy, Kojo Ayernor, Ama de Graft Aikins, Olugbenga Ogedegbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine the feasibility of using community health workers (CHWs) to implement cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention programmes within faith-based organizations in Accra, Ghana. Methods: Faith-based organization capacity, human resources, health programme sustainability/barriers and community members' knowledge were evaluated. Data on these aspects were gathered through a mixed method design consisting of in-depth interviews and focus groups with 25 church leaders and health committee members from five churches, and of a survey of 167 adult congregants from two churches. Findings: The delivery of a CVD prevention programme in faith-based organizations by CHWs is feasible. Many faith-based organizations already provide health programmes for congregants and involve non-health professionals in their health-care activities, and most congregants have a basic knowledge of CVD. Yet despite the feasibility of the proposed approach to CVD prevention through faith-based organizations, sociocultural and health-care barriers such as poverty, limited human and economic resources and limited access to health care could hinder programme implementation. Conclusion: The barriers to implementation identified in this study need to be considered when defining CVD prevention programme policy and planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)648-656
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume89
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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