The catabolism of two gastric neuropeptides, the C-terminal decapeptide of gastrin releasing peptide-27 (GRP10) and substance P (SP), by membrane-bound peptidases of the porcine gastric corpus and by porcine endopeptidase-24.11 ("enkephalinase") has been investigated. GRP10 was catabolized by gastric muscle peptidases (specific activity 1.8 nmol min-1 mg-1 protein) by hydrolysis of the His8-Leu9 bond and catabolism was inhibited by phosphoramidon (I50 approx. 10-8 M), a specific inhibitor of endopeptidase-24.11. The same bond in GRP10 was cleaved by purified endopeptidase-24.11, and hydrolysis was equally sensitive to inhibition by phosphoramidon. SP was catabolized by gastric muscle peptidases (specific activity 1.7 nmol min-1 mg-1 protein) by hydrolysis of the Gln6-Phe7, Phe7-Phe8 and Gly9-Leu10 bonds, which is identical to the cleavage of SP by purified endopeptidase-24.11. The C-terminal cleavage of GRP10 and SP would inactivate the peptides. It is concluded that a membrane-bound peptidase in the stomach wall catabolizes and inactivates GRP10 and SP and that, in its specificity and sensitivity to phosphoramidon, this peptidase resembles endopeptidase-24.11.
- Angiotensin converting enzyme
- Gastrin releasing peptide
- Substance P
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience