Categorizing partner-violent men within the reactive-proactive typology model

Kenneth A. Chase, K. Daniel O'Leary, Richard E. Heyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A system for categorizing partner-violent men as either reactive or proactive aggressors was developed and evaluated in the present study. Sixty partner-violent men were reliably categorized, and the distribution (62% reactive, 38% proactive) fell within the expected range. Some construct validity was demonstrated, as several significant predicted group differences were found on factors of theoretical relevance to the typology model (affectivity, personality, and violence in the family-of-origin). Proactively versus reactively categorized participants were (a) more dominant and less angry during a 10-min interpartner interaction, (b) more antisocial and aggressive-sadistic and less dependent, and (c) more frequently classified as psychopathic (17% vs. 0%). Research and clinical implications of the system are discussed, as is the potential overlap between the reactively, and proactively categorized partner-violent men in this study with previously identified types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-572
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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