Cattle, clean water, and climate change: Policy choices for the Brazilian agricultural frontier

Andrew Reid Bell, Maria Carmen Lemos, Donald Scavia

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In the Amazonian agricultural frontier, pasture for cattle ranching is an important and potentially hazardous form of land use because of sediment erosion as pastures degrade. This relationship between ranching, sediment load, and water quality is likely to further exacerbate environmental impacts, particularly in the context of climate change. We examine the role that river basin councils (RBCs) - a water governance option of Brazil's 1997 National Water Act - might play in managing this nonpoint-source pollution in the Amazoânian state of Rondoânia. We implement a simple coupled rancher-water system model to compare two potential governance options: a bulk water cleanup charge (BWC) implemented by RBCs and a land-use fine (LUF) for failing to maintain riparian buffers. We find no significant advantage of BWC over LUF in reducing sediment loading while keeping ranching profitable, under a changing climate. We also fail to find in Rondoânia the important stake in water issues that has driven water reform elsewhere in Brazil. Moreover, the comparative success of reforestation programs suggests these programs may, in fact, have the potential to manage nonpoint-source agricultural pollution in the region.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)8377-8384
    Number of pages8
    JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
    Issue number22
    StatePublished - Nov 15 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Chemistry
    • Environmental Chemistry


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