CE: The Effects of Smoking on Bone Health and Healing

Stephanie Niu, Fidelindo Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The number of orthopedic surgeries performed in the United States has increased substantially over the past several years. The most recent data available from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality indicate that five of the 10 operative procedures most commonly performed during inpatient stays involve the musculoskeletal system. Cigarette smoking is one of the most prevalent and preventable risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders and orthopedic surgery complications. This article discusses the effects of smoking on bone health, the importance of smoking cessation among patients scheduled for or recovering from orthopedic surgery, and the vital role nurses play in supporting patient efforts to lead a tobacco-free life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Nursing
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • bone health
  • orthopedic disorders
  • orthopedic surgery
  • smoking
  • smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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