Change in depression across adolescence: The role of early anger socialization and child anger

Colleen R. O'Neal, Lynsey C. Weston, Xin He, Keng Yen Huang, Daniel S. Pine, Dimitra Kamboukos, Laurie Miller Brotman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the relations of early socialization of anger with change in adolescent depression, and moderation by child anger. Using a sample of low-income, ethnic minority children at familial risk for psychopathology in the United States (n = 92; ages 3–5; 53% female; 65% African American; 27% Latina/o), early anger socialization (i.e., parent response to child anger) was tested as a predictor of change in depression from preadolescence to adolescence [i.e., age 8 (n = 63), 11 (n = 58), and 13 (n = 44)]. A videotaped parent-child interaction was coded for parental socialization of preschooler anger, and psychiatric interviews of depression were conducted three times across preadolescence and adolescence. Major depression diagnoses increased from preadolescence to adolescence. Latent growth modeling indicated parent discouragement of child anger was a significant predictor of an increase in the child's later depression from preadolescence to adolescence, and child anger intensity was a significant moderator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescence
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • Adolescent depression
  • Anger socialization
  • Child anger
  • Early childhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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