To assess the effect of experimentally induced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) on total body lipid composition, homogenates of neonatal (0-day) and 6-day Sprague-Dawley rat pups treated on day 0 with 65 mg/kg body weight of streptozotocin (STZ) or citrate buffer alone were compared using thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatographic techniques. STZ-treated littermates in a parallel study were markedly hyperglycemic, hypoinsulinemic and attained only 50% of the gain in weight of citrate-treated controls. Although both groups were similar in protein to body weight ratios, STZ-treated pups exhibited 60% of the total lipid content of citrate-treated littermates when compared by weight. The decrease in total lipid content in the STZ-treated group resulted specifically from decreased neutral and not phospholipid content, although a small increase in phosphatidic acid and sphigomyelin was observed in this group. The changes in relative whole body lipids with short-term, high-dose STZ parallel those reported in human IDDM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism