Characteristics Associated With Sleep Duration, Chronotype, and Social Jet Lag in Adolescents

Susan Kohl Malone, Babette Zemel, Charlene Compher, Margaret Souders, Jesse Chittams, Aleda Leis Thompson, Terri H. Lipman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sleep is a complex behavior with numerous health implications. Identifying sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of sleep is important for determining those at greatest risk for sleep-related health disparities. In this cross-sectional study, general linear models were used to examine sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with sleep duration, chronotype, and social jet lag in adolescents. One hundred and fifteen participants completed Phase I (self-reported sleep measures), and 69 of these participants completed Phase II (actigraphy-estimated sleep measures). Black adolescents had shorter free night sleep than Hispanics. Youth with later chronotypes ate fewer fruits and vegetables, drank more soda, were less physically active, and took more daytime naps. Based on these findings, recommendations for individual support and school policies are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-131
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of School Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • adolescence
  • chronotype
  • sleep duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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