Characterization of ultrasound tactile display

Georgios Korres, Mohamad Eid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Traditional haptic interfaces require physical contact between the haptic device and the user. An elegant and novel solution is to provide contactless tactile stimulation via airborne acoustic radiation pressure. However, the characteristics of contactless tactile displays are not well studied in the literature. In this paper, we study the characteristics of the ultrasonic tactile display as a haptic interface. In particular, we examine the effects of increasing the number of ultrasound transducers on four characteristics, namely the maximum producible force, the workspace, the workspace resolution, and the robustness of the simulation. Three rectangular-shaped 2D array configurations are considered: single-tile (10×10 transducers), two-tiles (10×20 transducers), and four-tiles (20×20 transducers). Results show that the maximum producible force remains almost constant as the number of tiles increases, whereas the elevation at which these maxima are generated increases. The workspace increases along the xy-plane as the number of tiles increase almost linearly, however, the elevation of the workspace remains almost the same. Finally, we found that the robustness of tactile display decreases as the number of tiles increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHaptics
Subtitle of host publicationPerception, Devices, Control, and Applications - 10th International Conference, EuroHaptics 2016, Proceedings
EditorsHiroyuki Kajimoto, Fernando Bello, Yon Visell
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783319423203
StatePublished - 2016
Event10th International Conference on Haptics: Perception, Devices, Control, and Applications, EuroHaptics 2016 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 4 2016Jul 7 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other10th International Conference on Haptics: Perception, Devices, Control, and Applications, EuroHaptics 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Haptic interfaces
  • Tactile display
  • Ultrasound transducer array

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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