Charge Transfer from Carbon Nanotubes to Silicon in Flexible Carbon Nanotube/Silicon Solar Cells

Xiaokai Li, Marina Mariano, Lyndsey McMillon-Brown, Jing Shun Huang, Matthew Y. Sfeir, Mark A. Reed, Yeonwoong Jung, André D. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mechanical fragility and insufficient light absorption are two major challenges for thin flexible crystalline Si-based solar cells. Flexible hybrid single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT)/Si solar cells are demonstrated by applying scalable room-temperature processes for the fabrication of solar-cell components (e.g., preparation of SWNT thin films and SWNT/Si p–n junctions). The flexible SWNT/Si solar cells present an intrinsic efficiency ≈7.5% without any additional light-trapping structures. By using these solar cells as model systems, the charge transport mechanisms at the SWNT/Si interface are investigated using femtosecond transient absorption. Although primary photon absorption occurs in Si, transient absorption measurements show that SWNTs also generate and inject excited charge carriers to Si. Such effects can be tuned by controlling the thickness of the SWNTs. Findings from this study could open a new pathway for designing and improving the efficiency of photocarrier generation and absorption for high-performance ultrathin hybrid SWNT/Si solar cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1702387
JournalSmall
Volume13
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 2017

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy
  • flexible photovoltaics
  • hybrid solar cells
  • silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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