Childhood medicaid coverage and later-life health care utilization

Laura R. Wherry, Sarah Miller, Robert Kaestner, Bruce D. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exploiting a discontinuity in childhood Medicaid eligibility based on date of birth, we find that more years of childhood eligibility are associated with fewer hospitalizations in adulthood. For blacks, we find a 7% to 15% decrease in hospitalizations and a suggestive 2% to 5% decrease in emergency department visits, but no similar effect for nonblacks. The effects are pronounced for utilization related to chronic illnesses and for patients living in low-income postal codes. Calculations suggest that lower rates of hospitalizations during one year in adulthood for blacks offset between 2% and 4% of the initial costs of expanding Medicaid for all children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-302
Number of pages16
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Childhood medicaid coverage and later-life health care utilization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this