Chinese import competition, offshoring and servitization

Grace Gu, Samreen Malik, Dario Pozzoli, Vera Rocha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study how domestic firms adapt to increased import competition from China. Using a Danish employer-employee matched dataset covering firms over the 1995–2007 period, we find that import competition significantly increases manufacturing firms' expansion of their business activities in the service industry (partial servitization); their probability of offshoring production activities abroad and of exiting the market. Import competition, however, does not induce firms to cease all of their involvement in manufacturing production by completely switching into service sector (complete servitization). These findings are confirmed using various robustness tests as well as an analogous analysis of a Portuguese employer-employee matched dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-928
Number of pages28
JournalEconomic Inquiry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • foreign competition
  • offshoring
  • servitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics


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