Chinese Taoist Cognitive Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Contemporary China

Yalin Zhang, Derson Young, Sing Lee, Honggen Zhang, Zeping Xiao, Wei Hao, Yongmin Feng, Hongxiang Zhou, Doris F. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chinese Taoist cognitive psychotherapy (CTCP) combines elements of cognitive therapy and Taoist philosophy. Empirical evidence of its efficacy and mechanisms of action is lacking. This study compared the efficacy of CTCP, benzodiazepines (BDZ), and combined treatment in Chinese patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In total, 143 patients with GAD were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: CTCP only, BDZ only, or combined CTCP and BDZ treatment. Patients were evaluated at intake, and re-examined one and six months after treatment. The results indicated that BDZ treatment rapidly reduced symptoms of GAD at one month, but its effect was lost at six months. CTCP reduced symptoms more slowly and its effect was significant after six months of treatment. Combined treatment led to acute, as well as enduring, symptom reduction. Unlike BDZ treatment, CTCP reduced type A behavior, improved coping style, and decreased neuroticism. It is concluded that CTCP with or without BDZ treatment is a more effective, although slower, method for the treatment of GAD than BDZ for GAD patients in urban China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-129
Number of pages15
Journaltranscultural psychiatry
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2002

Keywords

  • China
  • Chinese
  • Taoist
  • anxiety
  • psychotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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