Chipping resistance of graded zirconia ceramics for dental crowns

Y. Zhang, H. Chai, J. J.W. Lee, B. R. Lawn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A serious drawback of veneering porcelains is a pronounced susceptibility to chipping. Glass-infiltrated dense zirconia structures can now be produced with esthetic quality, making them an attractive alternative. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that such infiltrated structures are much more chip-resistant than conventional porcelains, and at least as chip-resistant as non-infiltrated zirconia. A sharp indenter was used to produce chips in flat and anatomically correct glass-infiltrated zirconia crown materials, and critical loads were measured as a function of distance from the specimen edge (flat) or side wall (crown). Control data were obtained on zirconia specimens without infiltration and on crowns veneered with porcelains. The results confirmed that the resistance to chipping in graded zirconia is more than 4 times higher than that of porcelain-veneered zirconia and is at least as high as that of non-veneered zirconia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-315
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • dental crowns
  • edge chipping
  • fracture toughness
  • graded ceramics
  • indentation
  • zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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