Chronotype and sleep duration interact to influence time to pregnancy: Results from a New York City cohort

Mia Charifson, Akhgar Ghassabian, Eunsil Seok, Mrudula Naidu, Shilpi S. Mehta-Lee, Sara G. Brubaker, Yelena Afanasyeva, Yu Chen, Mengling Liu, Leonardo Trasande, Linda G. Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Study objective: To study associations between nighttime sleep characteristics and time to pregnancy. Methods: Pregnant people age ≥18 years and<18 weeks’ gestation were recruited from 3 New York University Grossman School of Medicine affiliated hospitals in Manhattan and Brooklyn (n = 1428) and enrolled into the New York University Children's Health and Environment Study. Participants in the first trimester of pregnancy were asked to recall their time to pregnancy and their sleep characteristics in the 3 months before conception. Results: Participants who reported sleeping<7 hours per night tended to have shorter time to pregnancy than those who slept 7-9 hours per night (adjusted fecundability odds ratio = 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 0.94, 1.41). Participants with a sleep midpoint of 4 AM or later tended to have longer time to pregnancy compared with those with earlier sleep midpoints (before 4 AM) (adjusted fecundability odds ratio = 0.88, 95% confidence interval: 0.74, 1.04). When stratified by sleep midpoint, sleeping<7 hours was significantly associated with shorter time to pregnancy only among those whose sleep midpoint was before 4 AM (adjusted fecundability odds ratio = 1.33, 95% confidence interval: 1.07, 1.67). Conclusions: The association of sleep duration with time to pregnancy was modified by chronotype, suggesting that both biological and behavioral aspects of sleep may influence fecundability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-474
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Fecundability
  • Fertility
  • Sleep
  • Time-to-pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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