Cloaking via change of variables in electric impedance tomography

R. V. Kohn, H. Shen, M. S. Vogelius, M. I. Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A recent paper by Pendry et al (2006 Science 312 1780-2) used the coordinate invariance of Maxwell's equations to show how a region of space can be 'cloaked' - in other words, made inaccessible to electromagnetic sensing - by surrounding it with a suitable (anisotropic and heterogenous) dielectric shield. Essentially the same observation was made several years earlier by Greenleaf et al (2003 Math. Res. Lett. 10 685-93, 2003 Physiol. Meas. 24 413-9) in the closely related setting of electric impedance tomography. These papers, though brilliant, have two shortcomings: (a) the cloaks they consider are rather singular; and (b) the analysis by Greenleaf, Lassas and Uhlmann does not apply in space dimension n = 2. The present paper provides a fresh treatment that remedies these shortcomings in the context of electric impedance tomography. In particular, we show how a regular near-cloak can be obtained using a nonsingular change of variables, and we prove that the change-of-variable-based scheme achieves perfect cloaking in any dimension n ≥ 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015016
JournalInverse Problems
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Signal Processing
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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