Cluster validity index based on Jeffrey divergence

Ahmed Ben Said, Rachid Hadjidj, Sebti Foufou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cluster validity indexes are very important tools designed for two purposes: comparing the performance of clustering algorithms and determining the number of clusters that best fits the data. These indexes are in general constructed by combining a measure of compactness and a measure of separation. A classical measure of compactness is the variance. As for separation, the distance between cluster centers is used. However, such a distance does not always reflect the quality of the partition between clusters and sometimes gives misleading results. In this paper, we propose a new cluster validity index for which Jeffrey divergence is used to measure separation between clusters. Experimental results are conducted using different types of data and comparison with widely used cluster validity indexes demonstrates the outperformance of the proposed index.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-31
Number of pages11
JournalPattern Analysis and Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017


  • Cluster validity index
  • Clustering
  • Jeffrey divergence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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