Co-infection with HIV increases risk for decompensation in patients with HCV

Mayu O. Frank, Allison Squires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. To compare the incidence of hepatic decompensation in patients who are co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) and who underwent antiretroviral treatment and patients who are HCV-monoinfected. Design. Retrospective cohort study. Participants and setting. This study used the Veterans Aging Cohort Study Virtual Cohort (VACS-VC), which includes electronic medical record data from patients who are HIV-infected and are receiving care at Veterans Affairs (VA) medical facilities in the United States. Inclusion criteria for patients who were co-infected were: detectable HCV RNA, recently initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART), defined as use of ≥ 3 antiretroviral drugs from 2 classes or ≥ 3 nucleoside analogues within the VA system, HIV RNA level > 500 copies/mL within 180 days before starting ART, and were seen in the VACS-VC for at least 12 months after initiating ART. Inclusion criteria for patients who were monoinfected with HCV were detectable HCV RNA, no HIV diagnosis or antiretroviral prescriptions, and seen in the VACS-VC for at least 12 months prior to inclusion into the study. Exclusion criteria were hepatic decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplant during the 12-month baseline period or receipt of interferon-based HCV therapy. Main outcome measure. The primary outcome was incident hepatic decompensation, defined as diagnosis of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, or esophageal variceal hemorrhage at hospital discharge or 2 such outpatient diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-401
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Outcomes Management
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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