Co-Optimization of VaR and CVaR for Data-Driven Stochastic Demand Response Auction

Matt Roveto, Robert Mieth, Yury Dvorkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ability to make optimal decisions under uncertainty remains important across a variety of disciplines from portfolio management to power engineering. This generally implies applying some safety margins on uncertain parameters that may only be observable through a finite set of historical samples. Nevertheless, the optimized decisions must be resilient to all probable outcomes, while ideally providing some measure of severity of any potential violations in the less probable outcomes. It is known that the conditional value-at-risk (CVaR) can be used to quantify risk in an optimization task, though may also impose overly conservative margins. Therefore, this letter develops a means of co-optimizing the value-at-risk (VaR) level associated with the CVaR to guarantee resilience in probable cases while providing a measure of the average violation in less probable cases. To further combat uncertainty, the CVaR and VaR co-optimization is extended in a distributionally robust manner using the Wasserstein metric to establish an ambiguity set constructed from finite samples, which is guaranteed to contain the true distribution with a certain confidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9099127
Pages (from-to)940-945
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Control Systems Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Conditional value-at-risk
  • Demand response
  • Distributionally robust optimization
  • Optimization
  • Wasserstein metric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Control and Optimization


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