Cocktail Edge Caching: Ride Dynamic Trends of Content Popularity With Ensemble Learning

Tongyu Zong, Chen Li, Yuanyuan Lei, Guangyu Li, Houwei Cao, Yong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Edge caching will play a critical role in facilitating the emerging content-rich applications. However, it faces many new challenges, in particular, the highly dynamic content popularity and the heterogeneous caching configurations. In this paper, we propose Cocktail Edge Caching, that tackles the dynamic popularity and heterogeneity through ensemble learning. Instead of trying to find a single dominating caching policy for all the caching scenarios, we employ an ensemble of constituent caching policies and adaptively select the best-performing policy to control the cache. Towards this goal, we first show through formal analysis and experiments that different variations of the LFU and LRU policies have complementary performance in different caching scenarios. We further develop a novel caching algorithm that enhances LFU/LRU with deep recurrent neural network (LSTM) based time-series analysis. Finally, we develop a deep reinforcement learning agent that adaptively combines base caching policies according to their virtual hit ratios on parallel virtual caches. Through extensive experiments driven by real content requests from two large video streaming platforms, we demonstrate that CEC not only consistently outperforms all single policies, but also improves the robustness of them. CEC can be well generalized to different caching scenarios with low computation overheads for deployment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-219
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023


  • Edge caching
  • LSTM
  • deep reinforcement learning
  • video

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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