COEUS: Community detection via seed-set expansion on graph streams

Panagiotis Liakos, Alexandros Ntoulas, Alex Delis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We examine the problem of effective identification of community structure of a network whose elements and their respective relationships manifest through streams. The problem has recently garnered much interest as it appears in emerging computational environments and concerns critical applications in diverse areas including social computing, web analysis, IoT and biology. Despite the already expended research efforts in detecting communities in networks, the unprecedented volume that real-world networks now reach, renders the task of revealing community structures extremely burdensome. The sheer size of such networks oftentimes makes their representation in main memory impossible. Thus, processing the developing graphs to extract the underlying communities remains an open challenge. In this paper, we propose a graph-stream community detection algorithm that expands seed-sets of nodes to communities. We consider a stream of edges and aim at processing them to form communities without maintaining the entire graph structure. Instead, we maintain very limited information regarding the nodes of the graph and the communities we seek. In addition to our novel streaming approach, we both develop a technique that increases the accuracy of our algorithm considerably and propose a new clustering algorithm that allows for automatically deriving the size of the communities we seek to detect. Our experimental evaluation using ground-truth communities for a wide range of large real-word networks shows that our proposed approach does achieve accuracy comparable or even better to that of state-of-the-art non-streaming community detection algorithms. More importantly, the attained improvements in both execution time and memory space requirements are remarkable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017
EditorsJian-Yun Nie, Zoran Obradovic, Toyotaro Suzumura, Rumi Ghosh, Raghunath Nambiar, Chonggang Wang, Hui Zang, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Xiaohua Hu, Jeremy Kepner, Alfredo Cuzzocrea, Jian Tang, Masashi Toyoda
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781538627143
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017
Event5th IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017 - Boston, United States
Duration: Dec 11 2017Dec 14 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017


Other5th IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Control and Optimization


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