Coexisting vortices and antivortices generated by dually gauged harmonic maps

Xiaosen Han, Genggeng Huang, Yisong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we first formulate a dually gauged harmonic map model, suggested from a product Abelian Higgs field theory arising in impurity-inspired field theories, and obtain a new BPS system of equations governing coexisting vortices and antivortices, which are topologically characterized by the first Chern classes of the underlying Hermitian bundles and the Thom classes of their associated dual bundles. We then establish existence and uniqueness theorems for such vortices. For the equations over a compact surface, we obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions. For the equations over the full plane, we obtain all finite-energy solutions. In addition, we also present precise expressions giving the values of various physical quantities of the solutions, including magnetic charges and energies, in terms of the total numbers of vortices and antivortices, of two species and the coupling parameters involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103503
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


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