Cognitive Capacities for Designing, Operating, Supervising, and Securing Complex Systems

Linan Huang, Quanyan Zhu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Despite the integration of a variety of “Industry 4.0” technologies, the active presence of human actors is required to bring their cognitive capabilities to Designing, Operating, Supervising, and Securing (DOSS) complex systems. Figure 3.1 illustrates the structure of Chap. 3. In particular, we discuss situation awareness in Sect. 3.1, problem solving in Sect. 3.2, and collaboration in Sect. 3.3 as the three essential cognitive capabilities that distinguish a human actor from a traditional cyber-physical component in the above DOSS procedures. Examples of human roles in four DOSS procedures are introduced to illustrate these three classes of cognitive capabilities and are mapped onto the four quadrants in Fig. 3.2 based on their time-sensitivity and interactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpringerBriefs in Computer Science
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSpringerBriefs in Computer Science
VolumePart F267
ISSN (Print)2191-5768
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5776


  • Belief hierarchy
  • Decision making
  • Domain knowledge
  • Order of intentionality
  • Problem solving
  • Situation awareness
  • Theory of mind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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