COGNITIVE CONTROL AND COGNITIVE DISSONANCE

DAVID L. WOLITZKY

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CIGARETTE SMOKERS AND NONSMOKERS WERE DIVIDED INTO CONSTRICTED (HIGH-INTERFERENCE PRONE) AND FLEXIBLE (LOW-INTERFERENCE PRONE) GROUPS BASED ON THEIR PERFORMANCE ON THE STROOP COLOR-WORD TEST. RESPONSES ON A SMOKING QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED TO ALL SS INDICATED THAT FLEXIBLE COMPARED WITH CONSTRICTED SMOKERS DENIED A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CIGARETTE SMOKING AND LUNG CANCER TO A SIGNIFICANTLY GREATER EXTENT, DESPITE THE FACT THAT THEY SMOKED SIGNIFICANTLY LESS. THE BELIEF DIFFERENCE WAS FOUND IN THE ENTIRE SAMPLE OF SMOKERS AS WELL AS IN A SUBGROUP OF STABLE SMOKERS. CONSTRICTED SS SHOWED A GREATER TENDENCY, ALMOST SIGNIFICANT, TOWARD RECENT DECREASES IN SMOKING. THE RESULTS SUGGESTED THAT FACILITY IN IGNORING THE INTRUSIVE WORDS ON THE STROOP COLOR-WORD TEST EXTENDS TO THE AREA OF BELIEF. (16 REF.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-490
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1967

Keywords

  • INTERFERENCE PRONENESS, SMOKERS &
  • NONSMOKERS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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