Three hundred and thirty-eight undergraduate students (180 females, 158 males) rated the characteristics of protagonists presented in one of six hypothetical scenarios on 29 seven-point bipolar descriptors, and completed the Sex Role Egalitarian Scale (SRES; Beere, King, Beere & King, 1984). Protagonists' gender and choice of occupation (elementary education, secondary education, and management) were varied. Women obtained higher SRES scores than males. Overall, Maryann was rated more favorably than David, and secondary education was rated more favorably than management or elementary education. Factor analysis yielded four factors-adjusted worker, industrious worker, powerful worker, and creative worker-that were analyzed in 4 four-way analyses of variance examining effects of protagonists' gender and choice of career and subjects' gender and SRES. Results are discussed in light of stereotyping of males and females in female sex-typed professions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Gender Studies
- Social Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology