Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine differences among adult patients with diabetes who receive care through a telementoring model versus care at an academic specialty clinic on guideline-recommended diabetes care and self-management behaviors. Methods: Endocrinology-focused Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO Endo) patients completed surveys assessing demographics, access to care, health care quality, and self-management behaviors at enrollment and 1 year after program enrollment. Diabetes Comprehensive Care Center (DCCC) patients completed surveys at comparable time points. Results: At baseline, ECHO patients were less likely than DCCC patients to identify English as their primary language, have postsecondary education, and private insurance. One year postenrollment, ECHO patients visited their usual source of diabetic care more frequently. There were no differences in A1C testing or feet checking by health care professionals, but ECHO patients were less likely to report eye exams and smoking status assessment. ECHO and DCCC patients did not differ in consumption of high-fat foods and soda, physical activity, or home feet checks. ECHO patients were less likely to space carbohydrates evenly and test glucose levels and more likely to have smoked cigarettes. Conclusions: Endo ECHO is a suitable alternative to specialty care for patients in underserved communities with restricted access to specialty care. Results support the value of the Project ECHO telementoring model in addressing barriers to high-quality care for underserved communities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Health(social science)
- Health Professions (miscellaneous)