• PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between optic nerve head (ONH) measurements generated by optical coherence tomography (OCT; versions 2 and 3) and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (CSLO) and to compare the association between OCT and CSLO ONH measurements with glaucoma disease status, as determined by clinical evaluation and perimetry. • DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. • METHODS: In a prospective study in the glaucoma service of an academic department of ophthalmology, 159 eyes (97 subjects) and 77 eyes (44 subjects) were recruited in two separate periods. All subjects were scanned with a CSLO device. Subjects tested within the first period of recruitment were scanned with OCT version 2 and in the second period with OCT version 3. The main outcome measure was the correlation between automatic and manually defined OCT ONH measurements and the correlation of CSLO and OCT ONH measurements between devices and with glaucoma disease status. • RESULTS: A high correlation was found between ONH measurements obtained by the automatic determination of ONH margin and those obtained by manual tracing of the disk margin (r = .93 to .98). Optical coherence tomography and CSLO ONH measurements were highly correlated. Optical coherence tomography-measured mean disk area was significantly larger than that measured by CSLO, as were all other disk size-related parameters. The areas under the receiver operator characteristic (AROC) curves for the associations between CSLO and OCT ONH measurements and clinical diagnosis were found to be similar and in the range of 0.47 to 0.79 for both devices. • CONCLUSIONS: Automated OCT ONH measurements correlate highly with those obtained by manual tracing of disk margin. Optical coherence tomography and CSLO ONH analyses are highly correlated and have similar associations with glaucoma disease status.
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