Comparison of the marginal fit of pressable ceramic to metal ceramic restorations

Jason E. Holden, Gary R. Goldstein, Eugene L. Hittelman, Elizabeth A. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the marginal adaptation of a pressed ceramic material, when used with and without a metal substructure, to a traditional feldspathic porcelain-fused-to-metal restoration with a porcelain butt margin. Materials and Methods: A maxillary central incisor typodont tooth was prepared with a 1.5 mm 360° shoulder with rounded internal line angle, and 30 polyether impressions were made. Dies were poured in type IV dental stone, and 30 restorations were fabricated: 10 metal ceramic restorations (MCR) with porcelain butt joints, 10 pressed to metal restorations (PTM), and 10 all-ceramic restorations (PCR). All restorations were evaluated on their respective dies at 45× magnification using an Olympus SZX-12, measurements of the marginal openings were made, and ANOVA and Scheffé post hoc tests were used to evaluate the data. Results: The mean marginal opening was 72.2 ± 5.9 μm for MCR, 49.0 ± 5.9 μm for PTM, and 55.8 ± 5.9 μm for PCR. The post hoc tests showed that there was a statistical difference between the marginal adaptation of the PTM and MCR groups (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in marginal adaptation between the PTM and the PCR groups, or the PCR and the MCR groups. Conclusions: The PTM group demonstrated a smaller mean marginal opening than the MCR group. The mean marginal openings of all three groups were within a clinically acceptable range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-648
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 2009


  • All-ceramic
  • Crowns
  • Marginal fit
  • Marginal opening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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