Componential analysis of interpersonal perception data

David A. Kenny, Tessa V. West, Thomas E. Malloy, Linda Albright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examine the advantages and disadvantages of 2 types of analyses used in interpersonal perception studies: componential and noncomponential. Componential analysis of interpersonal perception data (Kenny, 1994) partitions a judgment into components and then estimates the variances of and the correlations between these components. A noncomponential analysis uses raw scores to analyze interpersonal perception data. Three different research areas are investigated: consensus of perceptions across social contexts, reciprocity of attraction, and individual differences in self-enhancement. Finally, we consider criticisms of componential analysis. We conclude that interpersonal perception data necessarily have components (e.g., perceiver, target, measure, and their interactions), and that the researcher needs to develop a model that best captures the researcher's questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-294
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Review
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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