Concepts: Organization of nursing work and the psychosocial experience of nurses

Peter Van Bogaert, Sean Clarke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter, the intuitive link between balanced, healthy, and supportive psychosocial work environments and a variety of vitally important patient, nurse, and organizational outcomes is discussed with reference to a number of clearly defined and well-researched concepts. Among the essential concepts that ground the rest of the book is the notion of a bundle of factors that provide a context for nurses' work and are known collectively as the practice environment. Landmark studies that focused specifically on nurses' experiences of their work environments in exemplary hospitals examined so-called Magnet hospitals, leading to a framework that describes the practice environment and its linkage with professional well-being, occupational stress, and quality of practice and productivity. Many ideas and models have obvious connections to the notion of practice environment such as Job Demand- Control-Support model, worklife dimensions and burnout, concepts related to burnout such as compassion fatigue, and work engagement as a mirror image concept of burnout, as well as notions of empowerment and authentic leadership. These concepts have been chosen for discussion here based on critical masses of evidence pointing to their usefulness in healthcare management and specifically in the management of nursing services. Together all of these concepts and supporting research and scholarship speak to a common point: intentional leadership approaches, grounded in a comprehensive understanding of nurses' psychosocial experiences of their work, are essential to nurses' abilities to respond to complex patients' needs in rapidly changing healthcare contexts and socioeconomic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Organizational Context of Nursing Practice
Subtitle of host publicationConcepts, Evidence, and Interventions for Improvement
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages5-47
Number of pages43
ISBN (Electronic)9783319710426
ISBN (Print)9783319710419
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 2018

Keywords

  • Authentic leadership
  • Burnout
  • Compasion fatigue and compassion satisfaction
  • Empowerment
  • Magnet hospitals
  • Magnet recogniton program
  • Mortality and comorbidity
  • Nurse shortage
  • Practice environment
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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    Van Bogaert, P., & Clarke, S. (2018). Concepts: Organization of nursing work and the psychosocial experience of nurses. In The Organizational Context of Nursing Practice: Concepts, Evidence, and Interventions for Improvement (pp. 5-47). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71042-6_2