Conflict and development

Debraj Ray, Joan Esteban

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


    In this review, we examine the links between economic development and social conflict. By economic development, we refer broadly to aggregate changes in per capita income and wealth or in the distribution of that wealth. By social conflict, we refer to within-country unrest, ranging from peaceful demonstrations, processions, and strikes to violent riots and civil war. We organize our review by critically examining three common perceptions: that conflict declines with ongoing economic growth; that conflict is principally organized along economic differences rather than similarities; and that conflict, most especially in developing countries, is driven by ethnic motives.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)263-293
    Number of pages31
    JournalAnnual Review of Economics
    StatePublished - Aug 2 2017


    • Civil war
    • Economic development
    • Ethnic divisions
    • Inequality
    • Social conflict

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics


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