Four‐arm DNA branched junctions are stable analogues of Holliday recombinational intermediates. A number of four‐arm DNA junctions synthesized from oligonucleotides have now been studied. Gel mobility or chemical footprinting experiments on several immobile four‐arm junctions indicate that in the presence of Mg2+, they assume a preferred conformation consisting of two helical domains, each formed by stacking a particular pair of arms on each other. We show here that a junction we designate as J1c that has the same chemical composition as one we have previously studied in detail, J1, but is formed from the four strands complementary to those of the latter, exhibits the reverse stacking preference. The pattern of self‐protection of the strands of J1c exposed to Fe(II) · EDTA‐induced scission reveals that twofold symmetry is preserved, but the opposite pair of strands preferentially cross over. Moreover, the Fe(II) · EDTA scission profiles of J1c indicate that this junction exhibits a weaker bias as to which strands cross over than is observed in J1. The preference for the dominant species in J1 is 1.3 times greater than in J1c at 4°C and in the presence of 10 mM Mg2+, based on chemical reactivity data. This is confirmed by a cleavage experiment using the resolvase enzyme, endonuclease I, from bacteriophage T7. This difference could reflect either sequence‐dependent differences in the equilibrium among isomers, or in the structure of these junctions. Chemical footprinting experiments using the probes MPE · Fe(II) and (OP)2Cu(I) show that the high‐affinity ligand binding site in immobile junctions is determined by junction geometry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry