Contextual competence: Multiple manifestations among urban adolescents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors develop and validate multidimensional and contextual profiles of competence among low-income, urban, middle adolescents (N = 560). The assessment of contextual competence was based on youth self-reports of involvement, performance, and relationship quality in the peer, school, athletic, employment, religious, and cultural contexts. A principal components analysis of these engagement indices revealed the six expected components with the addition of a component labeled "self-in-context." To identify holistic, multidimensional profiles of contextual competence, scores along the seven domains were cluster analyzed. Nine clusters emerged, each representing a distinct constellation of youth experience. Profiles were associated with demographic variables and youth adjustment. Profiles reflecting high engagement in two or more contexts predicted higher self-esteem and lower depression. In contrast, profiles marked by high engagement in the contexts of athletics or employment predicted more serious delinquency. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for future research and intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-82
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican journal of community psychology
Volume35
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Competence
  • Delinquency
  • Depression
  • Self-esteem
  • Urban adolescents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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