Contextual insights into home energy relationships

Germaine Irwin, Nilanjan Banerjee, Amy Hurst, Sami Rollins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Home energy management systems have become more widely available due to the continued emphasis on environmental consciousness, the increased implementations of smart grids/smart meters, and the desire to have more control over one's home. A key challenge in designing effective home energy management systems is understanding the underlying causes that impact home energy consumption. To address this challenge, in this paper, we present results from an interview-based study of 22 households in Baltimore City, Maryland, across a wide range of income groups, occupant types (age, number of home occupants, and occupation), and house types (rentals and user-owned). Using a semi-structured interviewing process, we present several insights regarding home energy consumption that impact the usage and effectiveness of current and future systems. As an example, we find that non-human occupants, such as pets, significantly influence home energy consumption. Additionally, household dynamics and hierarchy, as well as routine behavior and individual habits, produce significant decision making challenges for an energy management system. Finally, problems with home insulation and appliance age are seen as fiscally insurmountable, suggesting that newer, cheaper, and readily available retrofit solutions would be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages305-310
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479984251
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2015
Event13th IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication, PerCom Workshops 2015 - St. Louis, United States
Duration: Mar 23 2015Mar 27 2015

Publication series

Name2015 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2015

Conference

Conference13th IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication, PerCom Workshops 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySt. Louis
Period3/23/153/27/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Health(social science)

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