Contextually adaptive signal representation using conditional Principal Component Analysis

Rosa M Figueras I Ventura, Umesh Rajashekar, Zhou Wang, Eero P. Simoncelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The conventional method of generating a basis that is optimally adapted (in MSE) for representation of an ensemble of signals is Principal Component Analysis (PCA). A more ambitious modern goal is the construction of bases that are adapted to individual signal instances. Here we develop a new framework for instance-adaptive signal representation by exploiting the fact that many real-world signals exhibit local self-similarity. Specifically, we decompose the signal into multiscale subbands, and then represent local blocks of each subband using basis functions that are linearly derived from the surrounding context. The linear mappings that generate these basis functions are learned sequentially, with each one optimized to account for as much variance as possible in the local blocks. We apply this methodology to learning a coarse-to-fine representation of images within a multi-scale basis, demonstrating that the adaptive basis can account for significantly more variance than a PCA basis of the same dimensionality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP
Pages877-880
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Event2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: Mar 31 2008Apr 4 2008

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Other

Other2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV
Period3/31/084/4/08

Keywords

  • Adaptive basis
  • Conditional PCA
  • Image modeling
  • Image representation
  • Self-similarities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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