Contour integration in amblyopic monkeys

Petra Kozma, Lynne Kiorpes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amblyopia is characterized by losses in a variety of aspects of spatial vision, such as acuity and contrast sensitivity. Our goal was to learn whether those basic spatial deficits lead to impaired global perceptual processing in strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia. This question is unresolved by the current human psychophysical literature. We studied contour integration and contrast sensitivity in amblyopic monkeys. We found deficient contour integration in anisometropic as well as strabismic amblyopic monkeys. Some animals showed poor contour integration in the fellow eye as well as in the amblyopic eye. Orientation jitter of the elements in the contour systematically decreased contour-detection ability for control and fellow eyes, but had less effect on amblyopic eyes. The deficits were not clearly related to basic losses in contrast sensitivity and acuity for either type of amblyopia. We conclude that abnormal contour integration in amblyopes reflects disruption of mechanisms that are different from those that determine acuity and contrast sensitivity, and are likely to be central to V1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-588
Number of pages12
JournalVisual neuroscience
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Amblyopia
  • Contour integration
  • Nonhuman primate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Sensory Systems

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