Cooperative diversity over log-normal fading channels: Performance analysis and optimization

Majid Safari, Murat Uysal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although there has been a growing interest on cooperative diversity, the current literature is mainly limited to the results obtained for Rayleigh, Rician, or Nakagami fading channels. In this paper, we investigate the performance of cooperative diversity schemes over log-normal fading channels which provide an accurate channel model for indoor wireless environments. We focus on single-relay cooperative networks with amplify-and-forward relaying and consider three TDMA-based cooperation protocols which correspond to distributed implementations of MIMO (multi-input multi-output), SIMO (single-input multi-output), and MISO (multi-input single-output) schemes. For each protocol under consideration, we derive upper bounds on pairwise error probability over log-normal channels and quantify the diversity advantages. Based on the minimization of a union bound on the bit error rate performance, we further formulate optimal power allocation schemes which demonstrate significant performance gains over their counterparts with equal power allocation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4524293
Pages (from-to)1963-1972
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2008


  • Cooperative diversity
  • Distributed space-time codes
  • Log-normal fading
  • Pairwise error probability
  • Power allocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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