Core-shell (Pt/Cu-TiO2)-graphene composites for photocatalytic conversion of CO2 into fuel

S. Al Jitan, K. Al-Ali, R. Hashaikeh, G. Palmisano

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


The global emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise by about 3% each year. Increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere can be subsided through CO2 utilization technologies such as conversion into fuels or other value-added products. Unlike other CO2 conversion techniques, photocatalysis utilizes a renewable and sustainable form of energy and doesn't increase net CO2 emissions. Various catalysts have already been tested in numerous studies for the photocatalytic reduction of gaseous CO2. However, researchers have yet to discover an efficient photocatalyst that can reduce CO2 to yield economic amounts of value-added products under the irradiation of solar light. Hence, in this study, an attempt to enhance the performance of TiO2-based photocatalysts for application in CO2 conversion was made. Surface modifications to help enhancement the visible light absorption and the charge separation of TiO2 photocatalysts were pursued. More specifically, a novel TiO2-based photocatalyst, incorporating copper (Cu), platinum (Pt), and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), was synthesized. Several advanced material characterization tools were employed to investigate the photocatalytic composite's intrinsic and enhanced properties, including XRD, Raman, DRS, PL, TEM, STEM-EDX, FT-IR, etc. A custom-built reactor was used to test the photocatalytic activity of the catalyst in reducing CO2 under different parameters and conditions, most importantly is the photocatalytic reduction of liquid CO2, which has been rarely investigated. Gas-phase and liquid-phase products from the different photoreactivity tests were analyzed using GC-FID and HPLC, respectively. Results from this study show that CO2 was successfully reduced to CO, CH4, and other products under the irradiation of UV light, with the activity being much higher for liquid CO2 than for gaseous CO2. Furthermore, the proposed catalyst rGO(Pt/Cu-TiO2) showed higher or comparable activity results during the photocatalytic reduction of liquid CO2 when compared to other tested catalysts, specifically in the formation of aldehydes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2021
Event15th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, GHGT 2021 - Virtual, Online, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Mar 15 2021Mar 18 2021


Conference15th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, GHGT 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
CityVirtual, Online


  • Carbon Dioxide Utilization
  • Fuel Production
  • Photocatalysis
  • Titanium Dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Pollution


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