Correlates of depression among Black girls exposed to violence

Bernadine Waller, Camille R. Quinn, Donte Boyd, Ralph DiClemente, Dexter R. Voisin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Depression rates for youth remanded to juvenile detention is double that of the general population and Black girls are especially vulnerable. A dearth of literature analyzes the factors that are correlated with depression among system-involved Black girls, ages 12–17 years old. We utilized personal agency to examine the relationship between risk factors (i.e., abuse history, and fear of condom negotiation) and protective factors (i.e., condom self-efficacy, and perceived social support) that might correlate with depression among Black girls exposed to violence. Findings indicate that fear of condom negotiation, abuse history and low condom self-efficacy are correlated with depressive symptomology while self-esteem and perceived social support are protective factors that may serve as a buffer against girls’ feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. The findings of this study suggest several implications for prevention and intervention efforts to reduce the depression-related risks among justice-involved Black females, including strategies that promote healing within their social support networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-155
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Black girls
  • depression
  • mental health
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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