Correlates of initiation of injection drug use among young drug users in baltimore, Maryland: The need for early intervention

Susan G. Sherman, Crystal M. Fuller, Nina Shah, Danielle V. Ompad, David Vlahov, Steffanie A. Strathdee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article examines individual and social factors associated with initiation of illicit drug injection, with a focus on racial differences. Data were derived from a cross-sectional survey of young injection and noninjection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Participants were aged 15 to 30 and had initiated use of heroin, cocaine, and/or crack within the prior five years. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of injection initiation. Of 579 drug users, 73% were injectors, 56% were male, and 41% were African American. In a multivariate model controlling for age, correlates of injection initiation were: being an African American male [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR): 0.08; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.04, 0. 17] or female (AOR = 0.12; 95%CI: 0.06, 027) compared to being a White male; younger age of first use of alcohol, marijuana, or inhalants (AOR=0.73; 95%CI: 0.65, 0.82); shorter time between first use of alcohol, marijuana, or inhalants and first use of heroin, crack, or cocaine (per year decrease, AOR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.40, 0.87); parental drug use (AOR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.32, 0.92); seeing someone inject prior to injection, AOR=1.96, 95%CI: 1.0 1, 3.50); and crack smoking (AOR=1.77, 95%CI: 1.07, 2.99). Early drug use panems and drug expos we factors are associated with initiation injection. Interventions are needed that target noninjection drug users to prevent transition to injection drug use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-443
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Drug use
  • Injection initiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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